Canvas or wood? This can be a tough choice for some artists. These two are the most commonly used materials, yet now there are even more choices such as plastic, metal, glass, ceramic, leather, paper, vinyl and cardboard.
Let’s start with the pros and cons of canvas and wood. Canvas comes in cotton duct or linen, while wood choices range from hardboard to panel. Both are fine for painting, but how do we choose what is right for us and our work?
∙ It is lightweight, especially important for painting large.
∙ Canvas has a wonderful absorbency and woven texture if that suits your style.
∙ It can be used stretched over wooden stretcher bars for a tight bounce, or left unstretched to pin up onto walls or used on floors while working.
∙ For more information on selecting the appropriate stretchers and strainers click here.
∙ For more information on selecting the appropriate canvas click here.
∙ If you like to sand painted layers, or pour acrylic mediums over the surface as a layer, then the wood panels will be a better choice then canvas. For sanding or pouring you need a rigid level surface. The canvas when stretched on stretchers will droop if you sand or pour, and therefore needs to be propped up underneath for these techniques. Also, it can’t be easily moved if it needs to dry on a level place for a long time.
∙ As mentioned above, wood panel is already hard and rigid, and can be easily transported while layers are wet and still drying. A rigid surface is best for sanding and pouring techniques.
∙ It can cost less then stretched canvas. Canvas stretcher bars are made for reuse and are costly. A local carpenter or wood worker can make several wood panels at a time, with cost savings to the artist. Carpenters will generally charge per hour plus cost of materials, while purchasing stretcher bars and canvas have extra added retailer costs that are put on the final price.
∙ Wood panels can be made with different woods and braced to minimize warping.
∙ They are more sturdy then canvas. This means they will last longer than canvas given similar environmental circumstances.
∙ If you want to paint over an old painting on wood panel, it is easily remedied by sanding off any old texture and paint. I don’t recommend repainting over old paintings on canvas. It is difficult to properly sand the texture off, and isn’t as strong as wood panel for the added weight when applying extra layers.
∙ Confused about masonite, hardboard, and how to choose the right wood for panels? Here is a great article on just that, click here
∙ For more information on wood supports for painters click here:
∙ These can get heavy when working on large size panels.
CANVAS ON WOOD PANEL
You can also combine the two. Paint on canvas, then adhere the canvas onto wood panel. For more information on how to do this click here:
PLASTIC FOR PAINTING SURFACES:
This is a relatively new choice for painting surfaces. For more information click here.
For information on how to prepare the different supports mentioned above click here.